exas is two-thirds of the way to sweeping Site Selection's big three annual state rankings. It won the Governor's Cup earlier this year with a commanding lead in project totals for 2012, and it now claims the top spot in the magazine's ranking of the most competitive states. It just needs the top business climate designation to win the Triple Crown. That November-issue business climate ranking has put North Carolina ahead of Texas in most recent contests, but Texas is on a roll and may not be in the mood to cede that ranking to the Tar Heels in 2013.
The Competitiveness Ranking here is a broader measure of state competitiveness than the number of announced projects, though that is a strong indicator of future job creation. It includes several New Plant Database criteria (see the index methodology sidebar), which reflect announced capital investment in total and per capita. It also includes other gauges of states' strength, such as the number of National Career Readiness Certificates according to the Workforce Development Division of Atlanta-based ACT, administrator of the Certified Work Ready Communities initiative.
Following are the criteria used to arrive at final scores determining the competitiveness ranking of the states. The first six criteria are based on project data resident in Site Selection's New Plant database.
- Total new and expanded facilities in 2012
- Total new and expanded facilities in 2012 per 1 million population
- Total capital investment in new and expanded facilities in 2012
- Total capital investment in new and expanded facilities per 1 million population in 2012
- Total new jobs created in 2012
- Total new jobs created in 2012 per 1 million population
- Rank in the corporate real estate executive portion of the 2012 Site Selection Business Climate Ranking
- State tax climate as ranked by the Tax Foundation
- Performance in the Beacon Hill Institute's State Competitiveness Index (Business Incubator Index)
- Number of National Career Readiness Certificates per 1,000 residents aged 18-64, according to ACT — Workforce Development Division, administrator of the ACT Certified Work Ready Communities initiative
If readers are unfamiliar with this program, that will likely soon change. ACT is in the midst of a national effort to encourage states to gather and report data that will help them better address skills gaps that may exist — and that will better reflect to site selectors states' true work-force pros and cons. Thanks to work being spearheaded at ACT by Debra Lyons, vice president, community and economic development and work-force development, this data will one day give site selectors an invaluable new tool for taking the temperature of state labor pools, and Site Selection is grateful to include some of that data in its annual ranking of state competitiveness. Watch for more on this topic in future issues of Site Selection.
Tax Day Tax Relief Plan
Meanwhile, back to Texas, whose business climate attributes are well documented in these pages and elsewhere. Since publication of the Governor's Cup cover story in the March issue, Gov. Rick Perry and his economic development team have hardly rested. Runners-up Indiana, Georgia, Tennessee and North Carolina are not far behind Texas, and Gov. Perry intends to stay ahead of the pack. On "Tax Day," April 15th, he announced a four-point plan to provide nearly $1.6 billion in tax relief to all Texas businesses currently subject to the state's franchise tax. The governor was joined by lawmakers, the Texas Association of Business (TAB), National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB) and Texas Conservative Coalition Research Institute for the announcement.
"By cutting taxes for Texas businesses, we are helping job creators in our communities and promoting economic growth across the state," Gov. Perry said. "Businesses that keep more of their money can pass savings on to consumers, hire more workers, offer greater employee benefits or reinvest it into their companies and grow their business — all of which are good for Texans and our growing economy."
Gov. Perry's plan would reduce business taxes by:
- Reducing the franchise tax rates by 5 percent;
- Providing a $1-million deduction for businesses with revenue up to $20 million;
- Lowering the rate for EZ Form filers;
- Giving companies relocating to Texas from out of state a one-time deduction of moving expenses in the first year they pay the franchise tax.
Gov. Perry's business tax relief plan would also have the effect of making permanent the current small business tax exemption. That exemption currently impacts 29,000 businesses and is set to expire in 2014.
"Business is the economic engine of our state and Gov. Perry's plan will only serve to fuel that engine," TAB President Bill Hammond said. "Government doesn't create prosperity, business does. By reducing the tax burden on Texas businesses, businesses will keep hiring more workers, reinvesting in their companies and driving the economic success of our state."
"Gov. Perry's tax relief proposals will go a long way in helping entrepreneurs and smaller businesses grow during this period of economic recovery," NFIB Texas Executive Director Will Newton said. "These four specific points demonstrate an understanding of the kind of relief small business owners have said they want. We applaud the governor's willingness to prioritize economic development and provide relief to our state's job creators."